From a Geographical Point of View Re-interpret Aden in Daocheng
By Zhongdong, Li
On the perspective of geological landscape, Daocheng is complicated as well as interesting. Aden Snow Mountain and Haizi Mountain are located in the south and north side of the county, which both belong to the same mountain system, and the south is lower than the north. But the highest mountain is in the south with a height of 6032m, the lowest mountain is also in the south with a height of 1900m. The difference in height is as large as 4132m while the linear distance is only 10km around. From here we can have a leap on how rough the terrain is.
Aden Snow Mountain refers to Gongga risong Kampot Mountain, situated in the edge of northern Aden and Liangshan Zhou Muli County. It’s easy to confuse it with the main peak of Hengduan mountain Gongga Mountain in Kangding. There are one mountain over 6000m, 10 mountains over 5000m, 32 mountains over 4500m, 63 pools, glaciers and forests. Someone says that it’ the most beatify snow mountain of Hengduan Mountain, gathering all the beauty of Qinghai-tibet plateau exclude Zanda forest. Arden Sanshen Mount is a landmark of it. These three snow mountains are completely independent from each other and uniquely ranked as the Chinese character “品”. They are respectively Clestial Snow Mountain 6032m high, Siano Dorji and Central Maiyong Snow Mountain with the same height of 5958m. They own the most typical and extraordinary scenery.
Under the snow mountain decorate pools and mountains formed by glacial cause. Gracier U valleys between the Snow Mountains are the best place to appreciate the Snow Mountains. In summer, these valleys are covered by grasses and bushes, plateau flowers blossom in succession. Rivers originated from the snow mountain turn in to meandering stream and braided river under force. At the feet of the mountain lies vast subalpine coniferous forests such as Sequoia which become yellow in the autumn. The middle and lower part of the mountain are connected, as a result of water cut, a typical alpine canyon landscape is formed. Beside the valley, there are primitive forests of Alpine oak and spruce and firs with azalea spread in.
Aden Snow Mountain is not only a beautiful spot but also a sacred place. In 8 B.C. Buddhism master Lianhua Sheng named these three mountains after the name of three gods: Avalokitesvara Buddhisattva, Manjushri Buddhisattva and Vajrapani Buddhisattva It’s said that a visit to the three mountains could reduce sin. At least visiting Aden for once is the dream of many Tibetan people.
The embodiment of Avalokitesvara Buddhisattva, Clestial Snow Mountain，the second mountain in Shaluli mountain, the fifth mountain in Sichuan, with a height of 6032m, is the only snow mountain with a height over 6000m in Aden. It’s formed by marble which is durable and hard to be decrease by weathering, that’s one of the reasons why it’s the highest mountain. On the landform, the celestial is a typical syncline mountain, which looks like a flying eagle in the distance. The top of the mountain is covered by snow for years. In Lock’s eye, it’s like a seat for living Buddha, no wonder it is the pure land of Tibet Bodhisattva. Celestial Snow Mountain is still not conquered by man. Once a Japanese mountaineering group planned to climb it from different directions but failed. The best places to appreciate it are the Gonga where you can see a Celestial Snow mountain half-covered by the forest and Dromarazo Lake where you can see a full Celestial snow mountain and the inverted image of it in the lake.
The embodiment of Manjushri Buddhisattva, Siano Dorji Snow Mountain with a height of 5958m is the boundary mountain of Daocheng and Liangshan Muli County. In 1928, when Lock first arrived at Aden, he was attracted by its beauty. He commented that “It’s a trimmed pyramid, the walls beside it are like flying wings of a bat. This is a wonderland no man had ever known.” The main peak of Siano Dorji is of three pyramid shapes, like the pyramid. Under the angle of peak, there are two huge hanging glaciers with pale blue tongue hanging on the cliff. Siano Dorji is made up of bedded marble, the strong geological forces make the terrane fold and become straight. That’s one reason why has strange peaks and sharp points. Standing at the glacier valley, rock layers extending to the top are very clear. Under the mountain are the talus formed by cracking glacier, also called alpine scree. Snow lotus and other stony beach plants grow on it. Gagong Chonggu is the best place to appreciate Siano Dorji. Standing on the meadows, the Siano Dorji seems within the reach of your hands. Against by meadows, forest, curl streams, cows and sheep, the mountain has a mysterious beauty. In the evening, the mountain looks most beautiful in the golden sunset.
Central Maiyong, 5958m high, is the embodiment of Vajrapani Buddhisattva. In Buddhism, he is the teacher of all gods, a representative of supreme wisdom. So it could be seen that in the heart of Master Lian huasheng how precious this mountain is. Joseph Lock, an explorer who have been to most of Southern China, also loves this mountain most. He said that it was the most beautiful mountain he had ever seen.
The peak of the mountain is of conical shape with a steep eastern slope and gentle western slope, which makes it look like a ball. The eastern slope is connected with Siano Dorji, and the western slope falls suddenly when extending to the saddle of Clestial Snow Mountain, making the mountain seem rather bigger than the other two mountains which even deceives Lock. The body of Central Maiyong is covered by snow. Hanging glacier is distributed in the waist of the cone mountain. Around the snow line, the curtain fall formed by the melting water falls straightly down, the thunder could be heard miles away. The scenery combination in Central Maiyong is also very wonderful: forest, meadow, and creek. All the fantastic elements are at there. Morning is the best time to shoot Central Maiyong’s sacred beauty.