Demureness and Sweetness---Tenderness of Women in Longchang Memorial Archways
From Chunniuping to the Longchang Second Middle School, we can see the NorthernMemorial Archways of primitive simplicity and vigor, facing the Southern Memorial Archways distantly. Of the Northern Memorial Archways, there are seven arches of chastity and filial piety built with hard bluestones. It’s said that building archways was prevailing in the Qing Dynasty and the North Street and the South Street were competing fiercely with each other. If one built an archway of chastity, another would hurriedly built an archway of filial piety. Therefore, the number of archways in both streets equals to each other, forming such a unique cultural scenic spot in Longchang.
In the fifth year of the reign of Xianfeng (1856 A.D.), an emperor of the Qing Dynasty, the government honored 187 faithful wives and 1 filially pious daughter, which was unprecedented in the history. And all Longchang people regarded the magnificent archways with the names of 188 women as an honor. 23 years later, in the forth year of Guangxu (1879 A.D.), another emperor of the Qing Dynasty, the government honored 164 women in Longchang. The total number of honored women is 348. What a terrible number!
What is the spirit that supported so many young women to restrain their desires by various strange methods? The history stands there solemnly in silence; the old stones tells what happened before silently; the mosses carried lots of unknown memories. Men indulged in wine and beauties outside, while women could only stay at home and suppressed their sensual passion. Why the stone frame buildings in Longchang chained the youth of all these 348 women still remains a melancholy and beautiful mystery.
Through the archways, we lose in the flying time with the hammering sound on stones and the noise of masons and women knocking at their nerves. Touching the stones of archways, we seem to hear of the history of all these archways, which is also the legend of the sweet and demure daughters of Longchang.
Tickets: Longchang Memorial Archways Scenic Spot (Only for the Northern Memorial Archways): 45 yuan per person
Bus: shifts in every day (from Trade and Commercial City Bus Station/Wuguaiqiao Bus Station/Airport Bus Station), the earliest shift: 07:10 from Chengdu Trade and Commercial City Bus Station; the latest shift: 20:30 from Airport Bus Station
CRH: Chengdu East Station－Neijiang North Station: the earliest frequency: G8553 07:48; the latest frequency: G8683 21:43 (many frequencies per day available)
Neijiang－Longchang Memorial Archways
Bus: Neijiang Coach Station/Yanjiawan Bus Station－Longchang; then taxi to Chengnan Bus Station.
Self-driving: Yinghui Road- Xiamen-Chengdu Motorway- Chengyu Avenue- G321- Xinhua Road- Xinma Road- Longchang Memorial Archways Scenic Spot
Accommodation & Foods: adequate housing; appropriate taste.