Three Kingdom’s Relics Tourism: To Erase the Dust Accumulated In the History
The Han Huan Hou Shrine lying on the West Street in Langzhong is the only temple commemorating General Zhang Fei in China, which still remains intact. Seeing Zhang Fei’s majestic appearance in the temple, it seemed as if we could still have heard the cries when he killed millions of enemies. Intriguingly, the temple are crowded with ark verdant trees while the trees on the top of Zhang Fei’s tomb seem to have no treetops. According to the old gatekeeper, after Zhang Fei was murdered by his subordinates Fan Jiang and Zhang Da, “his body was buried in Langzhong and his head in Yunyang”. When a hero met with disaster, the vegetation even mourned for that, thus it is no wonder that the trees have no branches.
We turned to south from Guangyuan, with the mountain paths winding through the Jianmen Pass for its reputation as the “most intricate pass under heaven with peril”. Located at the fracture of the “the 72th Mountain peaks” canyon in the Daxian Mountain, with stone walls as tall as skyscrapers on both sides of the canyons springing up straight from the ground, the so-called “Jianmen Pass” similar with an open grand gate equals to the 20 or 50-meter-wide slits in the middle part of the canyon, through which the Qinshu ancient path winds. During the period of the Three Kingdoms, Zhuge Liang fully estimated the military value of this difficult terrain, and thus built the gate pass across the Shudao. He also ordered to construct 30 Li-long (15 km) plank path within the cliffs and designated a junior officer “Ge Wei” to garrison near the road, this is where the famous natural barrier “Jianmen Pass” comes from. After Zhuge Liang died, a General of Shu Kingdom named Jiang Wei once led his army force of 50,000 soldiers to heavily guard the pass, and fought back Zhong Hui’s troops of 10, 000 members from Wei Kingdom and left them outside.
I don’t know since except the magnificence of the Jianmen Pass, a kind of soft Tofu has become the temptation for swarms of tourist’s home and abroad to pour in. Jianmen Tofu has not only a wide range of varieties, but also tastes tender and smooth once you put a piece of it in to your mouth which could not make me figure out the reason why this soft food can grow in such a firm-looking stone hill. Also I doubt whether a famous poet Du Fu of Tang Dynasty ever enjoyed the delicious Tofu when he hummed the verse “If one guards the pass, millions of enemies are unable to get through it”.
Have not entered into Mianyang’s downtown area, we still could see the Fuleshan Mountain far away. This mountain was named after Liu Bei’s initial entrance to Sichuan when he lamented the grand occasion, saying: “I have too much fun visiting the Fuleshan Mountain today”! Inside the Fule Hall which was located on the top of the Fuleshan Mountain, there were two pieces of statues which reproduces the meeting scene of Liu Zhang and Liu Bei sitting closely beneath a polite surface.
The mausoleum of Jiang Wan, a senior General of Shu Han Kingdom was located in the West Mount of Mianyang City. When Zhuge started to wage a northern expedition against the Wei Kingdom, Jiang Wan was responsible for the supply of food and money as an executive officer in the PM mansion. Within the last hours of Zhuge, he submitted a secret written statement to the late emperor Liu Chan, saying that “once I am going to die, your majesty please deliver the related matters to him.” It serves to show Jiang Wan’s practical capability. Nevertheless, I seem to think nothing of his good characters whenever his cruel deed came into my mind that he contrived a political campaign to help the malicious Yang Yi’s power overthrow the famous General Wei Yan which resulted in the tragedy that there remained no military General in Shu Kingdom.
Going away from Mianyang, we went straight to the Lutou Mountain north of Deyang City. Tthen under the guidance of a villager, we came to the Pang Tong Temple. This stone-based building had been preserved very well thanks to generations’ guardians’ joint efforts, and the couplets and handwriting of celebrates still looked clear on each stone column. Behind the temple, the Pang Tong’s tomb seemed quaint amid green cypress, giving it an air of of primitive simplicity. North of the the Mausoleum lied the Luo Feng Slope where Pang Tong was shot to death with arrow when he followed Liu Bei’s attack on Guanghan to go on a punitive expedition to Chengdu.
The “Shuang Zhong Shrine” in Mianzhu was the last stop on this trip. When we sought the Shuang Zhong Shrine in the Mianzhu Vocational Middle School, it was already in dusk. The tomb and the shrine were amid a solemn atmosphere. Zhuge Zhan and Zhuge Shang who were Zhuge Liang’s son and grandson respectively both died in a martyr in Mianzhu by General Deng Ai that served to Wei Kingdom. Deng felt sympathized with the loyalty of the father and the son whose surname was Zhuge, and decided to bury them together to give the tomb a new name -- Shuang Zhong Shrine. Standing here motionless for a long time, we were shocked by the clanking perseverance and the hard bones of the famous minister Zhuge Liang’s family, reminding of the brutality of the last anti-Wei Kingdom battle of Shu Han power.