Most ancient towns,which were busy and thrived,are now becoming silent .And those which had been built for thousand years, are now in reparation. Renaissance,become the same dream of all ancient towns.
The quartzite, bridges, houses, eaves, as well as the old carving and painting are all hiding in the ancient alley.The running river,the boat and the wonderful smell of Jiangnan snacks coming from the stores,everything there makes the town fantastic,misty and vague,making the visitors reluctant to abandon it.And I start to wonder what contributes to the glorious couture of Chinese ancient towns and what kind of circumstance raise the outstanding people there.
What contributed to ancient towns in Sichuan
by Yang Bo
The ancient towns were built for different reasons. Some are built for defending the enemies, some are built near water or land traffic , and some are built as the established family’s settlement.However, no matter what purposes those towns were built for,they are as leisure as the same.It is no denying the obvious contrast between the material cities and comfortable towns presents the ancient ancestors’ broad and inclusive.
The place where the dragon lies
In Zang Shu, a classics of Chinese feng shui,it is said that”No water, then Qi dispersed when the wind came;water,then Qi froze and wind stopped.It is the reason why wind and water are the best in all natural elements. And places which have water is the greatest and which can hide the wind comes as the second greatest .”Thus,the special of the ancient towns is hidden in feng shui,the wind and water.Feng Shui shows the connection of human and nature, the life experience of people who adapting to the world and also the mysterious natural power which let people pray when facing the unpredictable destiny.
The conceptions and traditions of feng shui still remains in the town, some still exist while some become history.Regardless of the kinds, they can all be helpful for us to have a general comprehension of the relationship of the town and the environment and the life idea of the local.
Professor Lou Qingxi, Department of Architecture Tsinghua University,says in his book about the ancient buildings chose environment according to fengshui theory, generally from four aspects of inspection: seeking the dragon, examining sand, watching water and hit points.
In fengshui theory, dragon means mountains.Human lived on the mountains since we were hominid, thus ,the worship and faith of the human to the mountains has become one of the worships of nature naturally. "Seeking the dragon" is looking for mountains.and its first step should begin at the origin. The ancients believed that it is the highest residence of the ancestral.After finding the mountains, we have to look at the shape of it, in general, which looks like the pillow of the sea has the possibility of hiding Qi.
The sand in examining sand means the small mountains.The small mountains which surround the main mountain can defeat the strong wind and strengthen the power of the side-surroundings. The Ying sand in the low and flat area, is also the symbol of power.”The left green dragon,the right white tiger,the front red sparrow，the back black tortoise. ”is the example of the ideal location for seeking dragon and examine sand in fengshui theory which uses beasts in fairytale symbolize the mountain and sand.
Lang Zhong,an ancient town with long history is situated in the east-north of Sichuan, was the capital city of the Ba country in Han dynasty. Lang Zhong founded in 314 years BC, has been 2300 years of the history.Lang Zhong’s fengshui is special. It is surrounded by mountains: Pan Long mountain in the north,Jin Ping mountain in the south,Da Xiang mountain in the east and Ma Xiang mountain in the west. And it is the most ideal situation in fengshui theory which has rivers and mountains around.Therefore, according to some newspapers : "domestic and foreign experts agreed that Langzhong is the best preserved feng shui ancient city.”
The surrounding water benefited the busy ancient post
The south silk road started at Chengdu, heading west through Qing Lai,Ping Le to Ya’an and Xi Chang then entered Yunnan.Its east side went for the direction of Yi Bin by river Fu NAN and reached the same destination.Huang Long Xi is the first wharf of Fu Nan river, surrounded by Shuang Liu, Peng Shan and Ren Shou,only 40km away from Chengdu.
in The Three Kingdoms of Shu, It is said that when Liu Bei established the Shuhan regime in Chengdu.A yellow dragon appeared in the river and gone nine days later.It indicated Liu Bei was the real dragon of the three kingdoms and that was how Huang Long Xi won its name.As Fu Nan river and Lu Xi river passing,the town became rich by doing business. However, the real charm of Huang Long Xi is not the glory of king or the dragon, but her peace and tranquility, and her sense of the field and scene if the pier.
Stone paths, wooden houses, ancient temples; dead trees, old wine and water wharf,these are things in Huang Long Xi.She is a simple town that you can know her personality at the first sight.It is the heroic battlefield.It reminds me of the dead and hero. Prosperity has lasted hundreds of years,you can still feel its power from the houses and stores.And this is the hometown in my dream with the sound of clashing silver from the bags of businessmen, the cloak by the wharf and the singing by the students.
Huang Long Xi was a tough place.Since it was a very busy wharf, many crimes were committed there.But the local still stuck to tradition and moral ethics for years and years. I believe it is because of the secret power of the town’s layout and the temples there.
Huang Long Xi has dragon in its name and the dragon theme culture which is enriched by dragon temples, dragon lights, dragon boats and dragon Buddha.Overlooking the town of Huang Long Xi, its shape looks like a dragon boat.Min river travelled from Du Jiang Yan and rushed the bank of here making it a spectacular scene of the great ancient Sichuan.
Industry and benevolence of Da Yi
Food is indispensable for people,making Chengdu rich by its agricultural income.
But it is so difficult to see people working in the field in the modern city now or even the landscape of the rape fields. Fortunately ,50km away from Chengdu , a town named An Ren in Da Yi still remains the beauty of the countryside and estate.
Anren town is famous for its Liu Wencai estate. From the perspective of tourism development, it is the earliest tourism development in China. In the 1970s, the clay sculpture in the estate showed a reflection of the class antagonism in the Republican period and became a typical example of political education , Countless people travelled across the country to see the brutal oppression and exploitation to the workers done by the Liu. The manor became the symbol of the old time, and was beared in mind. Today, when you walk into the courtyard, the imagination of the mansion would be slightly different.The door was decorated in Chinese and Western styles with all kinds of Taoist symbols, folk auspicious symbols filled at the meantime. But the main frame is western with vouchers and corridors.A gorgeous and complicated style exists here, in the largest estate of western Sichuan.
The estate covers an area of more than 15 acres with messy layout, facing different directions, shaping in triangles or polygons, which seems unreasonable. Liu Manor was not a unified and planned construction,,it expanded by encroaching others. The structure of the manor made living, renting, processing and other functions of one, embodied the morphological characteristics of the pastoral manor.
Anren town seems not like a town, and private house is the theme of the town,.the courtyard of the furnishings are deserted, guiding you to look for a legend. Liu's estate’ value is not of its luxury and scale, but it vividly reflects the rise and fall of a family, showing the miniature of the West Sichuan society.In the Liu family, the most prominent people are his nephew Liu Xiang and his younger brother Liu Wenhui. The two warlords’ forces grew in the struggle for power in Sichuan,and their followers took the share as well.The small Anren town known as the “third army ninth brigade eighteenth regiment" The power of Liu was the at the top. The Liu family is controversial, warlords, tyrannical, landlord, triad, highlights the polygonal side of a turbulent society. Most residents have misty memories of the past, only the secondary schoolLiu Wencai donated reflects the spirit of benevolence. Visitors can touch a family’ change concentrated in hundred years in the estate.
Walking out of the estate,the vast expanse of green fields let you return from the heavy history to reality, understand the rural Shu in the Dayi. Driving towards west, then there is the Heming Mountain area. Heming Mountain is the birthplace of Chinese Taoism, but why？ Perhaps is because Dayi's wealth and benevolence generousness. The shape of Mountain looks like a crane, and Xiling Snow Mountain can be seen on Heming Mountain.
The ancient town, a beautiful and kindly angel,carrying hope, harmony, prosperity, smiles from ancient to us. Living through the vicissitudes of life,now, she carries the desolate, gloomy, sad, faltering to the depths of the coming years.
How many wanderers returned to the hometownfull of affectionate, wandering with complex feeling. Only people stopped at the ancient field, can reproduce the face of the old town ... ...